Archaeological Discoveries

Funerary relief with sella curulis, vergae and fasces

 

fasciThis survey comes from limestone land and had to be part of a funerary monument.The front face is pictured, bottom center, a sella curulis, folding chair, symbol of the judiciary and on it a low pillow. Below, suppedaneo, appears in the form of arectangular box. The sides of the saddle two panes which displayed a male and afemale head, antithetical position. The rest of the plate is occupied, on the right side, two fasces tilted towards the left, the symbol of the imperium. At their sides, two longvergae, arranged in a V, which overlap, giving depth to the composition. The paintingalludes to the social function performed by the deceased during his lifetime, probablya magistrate in the nearby City, due to the presence of all the insignia of power, sella curulis, fasces and vergae represented heads to the side of the saddle could likelyinvoke the deceased and his wife. The association between sella curulis and fasces is common in the decoration of tombs. The composition and style of directing heads fora dating between the late 1st century BC and the beginning of the ad. The relief is well known in literature: Thomas Schafer has placed in review the Insignia Imperii. Sella curulis und Fasces (Mainz 1989).

 

Cippus fragment or ara, Eagle funeral wreaths and weapons

 

cippoThe fragment, once placed at the boundary wall of the square opposite the Church ofPuglianello, is the upper portion of a Memorial or funerary altar, usually as a placeelement sign in memory of the deceased. Remain part of the central body and its crowning glory, very spoiled but rather developed in height. In the Middle pops up an eagle with outstretched wings, while the sides are decorated with garlands, votive offerings, symbols from which hang crinkled ribbons. A high relief range separates the crowning the central body: on the latter, appear on the front, part of a round shieldwith Central Umbo and the tip of a spear, behind. The decorative motifs are an indication of made career late in life, perhaps the military. Spear and shield are often associated in Roman funerary monuments of the late Republic and early Empire, period that can be traced back even this fragment. Note the presence of the Eagle,often on the backs are a symbol of fallen soul to heaven: in this case, however, the association with weapons could invoke the decoration of a Legionary and teachestherefore allude to military career again.
– Giuseppina Renda

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